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Glossary R-S

From R for rail location to S for system transport. Here you will a listing of selected technical terms with explanations.



rail location

General term which may refer to a locality and/or organizational unit of Deutsche Bahn.

Rail Reform

A term referring to the transition from the former national railroad (Deutsche Bundesbahn) to the present company Deutsche Bahn AG, organized under private law since the beginning of 1994.


A catalog providing consistent regulations for the carriage of hazardous goods, based on the provisions of international law.

Rolling Highway

Also known as accompanied transport. Here the entire truck or trailer truck unit is carried by rail. Special accompanying cars are provided for the driver.


The total route covered by a transport operation from point A to point B

seaport to hinterland transport

Incoming or outgoing transport from the seaports to the hinterland and vice versa, via rail, road or inland waterway (such as the Rhine or the Elbe).

Second Party Logistics Provider (2PL)

Company providing classic freight forwarding, warehousing or transshipment services.

semi-finished goods

Semi-finished products, prefabricated raw materials


Trailers drawn by a trailer truck vehicle (and sometimes simply referred to as trailers).
service contract

Framework contract containing all the basic specifications for the customer relationship (e.g. route, goods to be carried, type of freight car, likely quantities etc.). The service contract forms the basis for the conclusion of further individual freight contracts in which the details of the specific shipments will then be agreed.

shuttle service

Provides regular transport services between two constant points.


Facility belonging to a company on its own premises, offering direct private connection to the rail system. Serves the company's commercial operations exclusively, not used for public transport.

single freight car transport

Method of train formation whereby individual freight cars or groups of cars with different origins and destinations come together to form complete trains (for the opposite, see block train transport).

special chemicals

Chemicals the use of which calls for special support based on knowledge of the application technology involved.

spot transport operations

Flexibly used block trains for seasonal or special operations.

steel coils

A technical term for the form or unit in which steel is normally carried.


A secondary role that may be taken on by an employee with a better than average understanding of a certain product, application or software program. A super-user is not necessarily a specialist in all areas alike, but over and above his or her own knowledge can resort to the skills and specialist knowledge of others. A super-user may be able to pass on his or her in-depth knowledge to other users, so enabling them to use the product, application or program in question more safely.

Supply Chain Management

Holistic monitoring, control, coordination and supervision of the entire existing procurement, production and distribution network of the value creation chain (Supply Chain).


Guiding ideal standing for the possibility of combining ecological, social and economic targets in a way that will ensure the quality of life of future generations.

swap bodies

Standardized transport units suitable for conveyance by different modes of transport (e.g. road or rail). Special features include folding supports, and the units cannot be stacked.

system transport

Transport operations based on a logistics network.