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Glossary F-I

From F for Fabrik-Sharing to I for Intermodal transport. Here you can find further explanations of selected technical terms.




Refers to the possibility that in future several companies may share one and the same production site.

finishing for dispatch

Assembly of components to an end product in accordance with customer-specific requirements (e.g. with labeling).

flat steel products

These have a more or less rectangular cross-section, the width being greater than the thickness. The surface is technically speaking smooth, but may also (as in the case of bulb plates) deliberately include depressions or elevations at regular intervals. Examples of hot-milled products are wide flat steel, steel sheets and strip steel. Examples of cold-milled products are cold-rolled strips, wide cold-rolled strips and cold-milled steel sheets.

Fourth Party Logistics Provider (4PL)

Logistics services provider specializing in logistics planning and consultancy for companies.

freedom of cabotage

The commercial shipment of goods within a region under foreign sovereignty by a company from abroad; or the right to carry passengers and goods within a third country.

freight car

Car for the carriage of goods (from all-round models to special freight cars), e.g. open containers - container vehicles that are closed off at the sides and open at the top; freight cars with sliding sides - containers with sliding sides, useful for the transport of valuable freight; rail tank containers - containers for the carriage of liquids.

freight forwarder

Company commercially engaged in the dispatch of goods, using its own transport facilities or those of a third party.

freight rail station / freight yard

Freight transport facility from and to which goods are taken on for carriage. The station facilities and the neighboring free stretch of track are allocated to a freight rail station as far as the next station.

freight transport offices

Freight transport offices include freight rail stations, border crossing points and auxiliary goods handling points. They serve for the calculation of the distances and tariffs that will be used for billing.


International European train paths which can be used by any rail transport company based in the EU under the same conditions.


Geographical Information System, a system for the registration and presentation of geographical data.


Central goods handling point for the combination and distribution of flows of goods and shipments.

hub-spoke principle

Principle for the combination and distribution of flows of goods or shipments at a central transshipment point or hub.

industrial chemicals

Chemicals that are used in considerable quantity for the industrial processing of materials as a part of the cleaning and production process - e.g. acids, lyes, salts or solvents.

infrastructure contract

The separation of infrastructure and transport operations that was laid down by statute at the time of the Rail Reform (Bahnreform) means that the use of the rail network infrastructure has to be regulated by an independent agreement. This is the infrastructure contract.

inhouse solution

The provision of logistics services (e.g. warehouse management) on the customer's premises.

inorganic substances

Chemical compounds that occur in non-living nature and generally contain no carbon.

Integrated Logistics Services

Combined logistics services which are supplied within the entire service spectrum of a corporate group.

interface management

In logistics systems there are often significant transitions between elements, sub-systems and systems. The objective of interface management, as a component of process management, is the optimization of these corporate and cross-corporate interfaces.

Intermodal transport

Combined Transport.